Every year, we see a similar pattern - applications to the ITFD program start slow in November, and then pick up from December onwards. Compared to this time last year, application numbers are up 37%, which is encouraging. What is most striking is that the quality seems to vary a lot by date of application, with really good students often applying early. We process applications until the programme is full, and urge everyone to apply as early as they can - and before the end of March if possible. Scholarships are filled periodically until they are gone, so for our applicants who need some funding, applying early is a good idea, too. So if you are thinking of ITFD, maybe the right thing to do is to sit down with a good cup of tea over the holidays, fill in the forms and write the statement of purpose (yes, we do read them, and they do matter!), and give it a shot.
I am at a conference in Berlin on sovereign debt. Last night, at one of the many pleasant restaurants serving remarkably good food at reasonable prices, one of our German colleagues held forth with a view I read a lot in the newspapers - that Germany should just bear the cost of endless bailouts since its industry was "benefitting so much" from the euro. Wage and price inflation elsewhere in the Eurozone made countries uncompetitive; Germany's wage restraint paid off, at the expense of the free-spending peripheral countries. The NYT has a story on changes in export shares of European countries in the last 10 years. The allegedly unfair advantage of the euro for German exporters should matter much less with the ROW -- the exchange rate versus the dollar, the pound, the yen can still adjust. What does the chart show? Germany's export share (relative to the rest of the continent) is up -- but it grew no faster within the Eurozone than for exports to the rest of the world. This doesn't prove that exports to the Eurozone wouldn't be lower if we had the DM, and it had appreciated a lot; but it takes the wind out of the sail of those commentators who argue that swapping shiny cars for junk bonds is such a great deal for the Germans that they should happily carry on doing it forever...
The best buildings by Lluís Domènech i Montaner in Barcelona have just been designated a World Heritage Site. I always had a weak spot for his architecture (much more than that of the ever-fashionable Gaudí). Story in the New York Times, including some awsome slides.
What does faculty do all day? I know it's a question many students wonder about. In addition to running ITFD, the department made me placement officer for the graduating PhD students. This means three things - organizing trial job talks and mock interviews, answering emails of the kind "who are you top candidates in IO and micro? which Canadians from your department (...) should we hire independent of field?", as well as sending unsolicited emails to all and sundry telling them how great our graduates are. This, plus a few dozen small administrative things, like making sure that the website for the jobmarket candidates looks ok.
After all this activity, we are now anxiously waiting for the results... this is how parents must feel when the report card arrives. We have 8 PhD candidates on the market. Combined, they have 43 interviews at this stage, or more than 5 each. Quite a few places still have to decide, others will have a second round of decisions, so I am hopeful that this will be a pretty good year. As always, the response is uneven. [update - the final number in late December was 101 interviews for 8, or more than 12 per head] Finance candidates are doing particularly well, with 15 and 10 interviews for two candidates, plus one early flyout. I am reasonably pleased with the quality of places calling, too -- the top always matters more than the average in this game - and this year our candidates already got calls from Berkeley, Northwestern, Harvard Business, Stanford GSB, UCSD, Bocconi, Warwick, Carlos III, CEMFI plus assorted central banks. Fingers crossed for this year's PhDs!
The solutions spells M-O-N-E-Y. German money. Lots of it.
The American journalist H.L. Mencken once joked that for every difficult problem, there was a solution that was simple, elegant, and wrong. That is what I was reminded of reading the increasingly hysterical comments being issued by various people in the I-banking community. Euro area debt problems? The end is nigh? Let's get a bailout. We have had three years of effective "blackmail" by the markets, where governments have caved in every single time, making bondholders whole at the expense of the public. The German government some weeks ago felt that enough was enough. Now the rise in bond yields is creating a crescendo of voices arguing that a "fiscal union" in the EU will solve this problem. Bloomberg ran a full story composed of nothing but London-based investment bankers sagely advising that this was the only solution. Among the more bizarre suggestions, the idea that some 350 billion of Greek, Portuguese and Irish debt gets transferred to the core countries to bring debt burdens down... I think these people are based in the wrong place.
Anyone with any knowledge of German politics will tell you that a gigantic bailout - much as our underpaid friends in the City would love it - will not happen. The whole Euro experiment was sold to the German public via a million holy oaths that this could not happen; the already weak consensus behind the euro will crumble before we see a fiscal transfer union or massive debt shifts. Some commentators are always advising that the Germans and French are just bailing out their own banks. True, in part. But that used to favor bailouts in the past; it is now becoming much harder as a political sell. Yet more money for bankers? Not the message you want to send as a politician. And don't forget -- Germany's export performance is largely built on selling to the rest of the world. While most of the EU mostly trades with the rest of the EU, Germany does sell in significant amounts to the US, Brazil, China, and the rest of Asia. Compared to that, exports to Portugal, Ireland, and Greece are miniscule. Germany needs Europe much less today than it did 20 years ago. The second mistake that people make when thinking about incentives for a bailout is to say that Germany is benefiting hugely from other EU countries not being able to devalue against a Deutschmark. True, but the point of Germany's export surpluses is to accumulate foreign assets for the day when the population is dominated by pensioners. A stronger Mark will facilitate buying up assets elsewhere, from factories and stocks to holiday homes in the sun. Bottom line - much of the current chatter about Germany having to step up to the plate for sure is, in my view, a bunch of I-bankers whistling in the dark, hoping that their trades will finally turn around...
I am Joachim Voth, formerly the director of the M.Sc. in International Trade, Finance and Development (ITFD) at UPF-BGSE (and now a member of the steering committee). This blog will keep current and prospective students updated with news and reflections. I'll also try to give people a taste of what (intellectual) life is like down here by the Med.